email Wikipedia Facebook LinkdInTwitter
Jo Stanley

Consultant in maritime history and creative lifestory

Black and Minority Ethnic seafarers

The richness and complexity of maritime history can be best understood if studies take into account what are now called 'protected characteristics' : race, caste, religion or belief, age, disability, height, physical appearance, gender reassignment, pregnancy, marriage and civil partnership. ethnic minorities people in maritime can experience multiple intersecting disadvantages. And racism must be talked about when we talk about race, because of the way systems marginalise stigmatised workers.

Until recently ethnic minorities women were doubly excluded (or more) from working at sea. This is a good starting place if you want to learn more: 10 FAQs. Black women in maritime history.

Their place in the maritime world can be understood if we also look at port workers and passengers.

I'm particularly interested in the following sorts of ethnic minorities women in maritime. So I can give talks on:

Ayah at children's party on ship. Painting by Godefroy Durand, 1889.

Ayah at children's party on ship. Painting by Godefroy Durand, 1889


You can get my 11-page bibliography of ethnic minorities seafarers by emailing me: .

My recent talks, which you can see online.

AYAHS. The Lascar's posh aunties: Indian ayahs working as passengers of the Raj: 1800-1939. Black History Month talk, in Maritime UK's Ethnicity in Maritime Network, October 2021. Now available as streamed PowerPoint talk at

AYAHS AND LASCARS. Anything like Lascars? Race, gender and Ayahs (Asian nannies) as working passengers, 1850-1950,'Blaydes Maritime History Seminar, Hull. November 2021 and now available as PowerPoint at

Read This


Items in my blog on the gendered seas