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Jo Stanley

Consultant in maritime history and creative lifestory

The sea and Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual, Trans, Queer and Intersex people

Are people's sexual identities and practices anyone else's business? And how are they relevant to the sea?

Well, the personal is political. And in a world that's oppressively heteronormative, injustices and the struggle to right them merits discussion. Merchant ships were the main place where British (and Swedish) men could be out and camp throughout the second half of the 20C. That's important, because it shows that people could suspend homophobia at will, even when 'homosexuality' was criminalised.

PrideAnd the Royal Navy has since 2000 done one of the biggest about-turns of any employer. Instead of hanging 'miscreants', in 2016 the RN became number 10 in Stonewall's top 100 of gay-friendly employers.

From morality crusades to Polari-speaking sailors in Round the Horne, and from Querelle of Brest to Jean Paul Gaultier, Tom of Finland to the European Court of Human Rights, I've summarised it and consulted with maritime museums on how to improve their representation of queer seafarers.

Resources you can use

Illuminating and insightful history books have changed our understanding for ever, for example those by Allan Bérubé, George Chauncey, Matt Houlbrook, Emma Vickers and Arne Nilsson's 2005 book (only in Swedish) about the history of camp sub-culture on Swedish ships: Såna" på Amerikabåtarna: De svenska amerikabåtarna som manliga homomiljöer. It translates as ‘Men like that’ on the Swedish-American ships.

Where can you find out more?

I always welcome stories from LGBTQI seafarers. Get in touch [j_v_stanley@hotmail.com] if you'd like to share your story

  • for the next article or presentation I write
  • If you want help in shaping your story yourself, for publication or not

Hello Sailor!

Available from Amazon

'A remarkable achievement of this history is the consummate ease with the complexities of human sexuality diversity are translated into a highly readable, compelling and perhaps most uncommon, a most entertaining history ... What a joy to read, which is not common in the world of academic history.'
Jeff Evans, organiser of LGBT History What it is and How to Do it conferences.

Paul Baker and Jo Stanley, Hello Sailor! A Hidden History of Gay Life at Sea, Pearson Education, 2003. Routledge, 2015

Discover my interview about writing it on the Routledge History posts.

Reading on

Chapters

  • Stanley J. 2018. 'Frocks versus guns: UK seafaring women and queered people sailing the South Atlantic in the 1982 Malvinas/ Falklands conflict', in Birgit Braasch and Claudia Andrea Müller, eds, Off Shore: Perspectives on Transatlantic Pleasure Travel since the 19th Century, Lit-Verlag, Hamburg.
  • Stanley J. 2018. Entries on UK armed forces and UK merchant marine in The Global Encyclopedia of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer History, Macmillan Reference USA, New York, tbc.
  • Stanley J. 2013. 'They thought they were normal - and queens too: gay seafarers on British liners 1945-1985' in Duncan Redford, ed, Maritime History and Identity: The sea and culture in the modern world, IB Tauris, London, 230-250.
  • Stanley J. 2012. 'Queered seafarers in heterotopic spaces', in Richard Gorski and Britta Söderqvist, eds, The Parallel Worlds of the seafarer: Ashore, Afloat and Abroad, Papers from the 10th North Sea History Conference, Maritime Museum and Aquarium, Gothenburg, 179-200, https://tinyurl.com/queer-heterotopic.
  • Stanley J. 2012. 'On buffer-kissers, bus-station skanks and mile-high clubs: sexualities and transport', in Peter Norton et al, eds, Mobility in History, The Yearbook of International Association for the History of Transport, Traffic and Mobility, Berghahn, New York, 29-49, http://dx.doi.org/10.3167/mih.2013.040104.
  • Stanley J. 2007. Entry on homosexuality, Oxford Encyclopaedia of Maritime History, Oxford University Press, New York.

 

Journal Articles (selected)

 

Book, conferences and exhibitions reviewed (selected)

  • Stanley J. 2017. 'All in the Same Boat: The Untold Story of the British Ferry Crew who Helped Win the Falklands War' by Warren Fitzgerald, British Journal of Military History, 3 (3), 164-166, http://bjmh.org.uk/index.php/bjmh/article/view/180/153.
  • Stanley J. 2012. Filipino Crosscurrents: Oceanographies of Seafaring, Masculinities, and Globalization', Kale Bantigue Fajardo, International Journal of Maritime History, June, 24(1), 474-476